- 发布时间：2015-12-17 08:38:00
Unit 10 Healthy eating
Teaching Aims of this unit
1. Talk about healthy eating
2. Making suggestions or giving advice on diet
3. Distinguish the meanings of Modal verbs
4. Make a balanced menu
6. fiber,digestion,bean,slim,curiosity,lie,debt,glare,limit,benefit,item,protective get rid of, throw away, get away with, tell lies, earn one’s living in debt ,set out run one’s business ,carry on
7. Speaking: Practice talking about your ideas; practice giving suggestions and advice, practice
seeing the doctor.
8. The use o f ought to
The first period Warming up and speaking
Step Ⅰ Warming up
Review the words of foods by showing their pictures. First, ask students to list the foods they like best. Then tick off 3 of them they eat most often. Second, show the three groups of foods and see which group their foods belong to. Third, ask the students to tell us in what ways their foods help them grow.
Step Ⅱ Pre-reading
Get the students to discuss the questions with their partners in this part. Then ask them to report their work. This part will help the students understand the text.
T: Please look at the slide show and discuss the questions with your partners. Then I’ll ask you to report your work. Are you clear?
Which food contains more… Examples of foods Answer
Sugar Chocolate or grapes
Cakes or bananas Chocolate
Fat Cream or rice
Chocolate or chicken Cream
Fiber Peas or nuts
Pork or cabbage Nuts
protein Potato crisps or ham
Eggs or cream Ham
Step III speaking
In pairs make up a dialogue about food you like or dislike using the expressions below and as many food, fruit or vegetables as possible and state your reasons.
about likes and dislikes
My favorite food/fruit/meat is…
I’m fond of…
I don’t often eat...
I really hate…
I can’t stand
Step IV Discussion
How to keep healthy?
What kind of diet can help people be fit?
Step V Homework
The second period Reading
Step I lead in
Show a healthy diet.
Step II Discussion
Work in groups and plan a menu with a balanced diet containing proper energy-giving food body-building food and protective food so that you can keep both healthy and slim.
How and where can you have it? Cook at home or buy at the restaurant?
Step Ⅲ pre reading
Show some pictures and ask What will happen if we don’t eat a balanced diet?
Step IV Fast reading
Get the students to comprehend the passage quickly and accurately and meanwhile help the students to form a good habit of reading. Give the students a couple o f minutes to look through the whole passage. Tell the students to read the text silently and then ask for the main idea of the text on the slide show with their partners.
Step V Careful reading
Read the text carefully and finish the following tasks.
Task 1 Divide the whole passage into three parts, and give the general idea of each part.
Task 2 True or False?
1. Usually Wang Pengwei’s restaurant was full of people.
2. He provided a balanced diet in his menu.
3. Yong Hui served a balanced diet.
4. Yong Hui could make people thin in two weeks by
giving them a good diet.
5.Wang Pengwei’s customers often became fat after
eating in his restaurant.
6.Yong Hui’s menu gave them energy foods.
7.Wnag Pengwei’s menu gave them food containing fibre.
8.Wang Pengwei admired Yong Hui’s restaurant when he
saw the menu.
9.Wang Pengwei decided to copy Yong Hui’s menu.
Task 3 Find out the information of the two restaurants.
Step VI Discussion
Who will win the competition at last ?
Step VII Listening
Listen to the tape and pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation.
Step VIII Discussion
1. What do you think Wang Peng will provide to win his customers back?
2. How do you think the story will end?
The third period Learning about language
Step ⅠWords and important sentences.
Explain the important sentences and language points in the passage.
1. Wang Peng sat in his empty restaurant feeling very frustrated.
2. “Nothing could be better,” he thought.
3. Suddenly he saw his friend Li Chang hurrying by.
4. He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies!
Step II Discovering
Find words and expressions from the text that mean the same
1._____something that you say is not true
2.______________ not to be punished for something
4.________the strong wish to know about something
5._________someone who buys things or services from a shop, company, etc.
6._______a particular quality that gives someone or something advantages
Step III Fill in the blanks
Julie wanted to become thinner. She knew she _______ eat more vegetables and fruit but little meat. However as she was so afraid of being laughed at by her friends, she did not consult a doctor but lived on a ________ of rice, ________vegetables, bananas and lemons. Three weeks later, she found she weighed as much as ever.
She felt so sad and hopeless about herself and her behaviour changed. She didn’t dare to face her boyfriend and she was unwilling to visit her friends any more. Luckily, her best friend Fred came to see her and encouraged her to exercise, eat a ________ diet and enjoy life again. Soon Julie became amazingly ________ and _______! She felt very happy.
Step IV Pair work
In pairs make up a dialogue about food you like or dislike, using the expressions below and as many food words as you know.
My favourite food/fruit/meat is…
I’m fond of…
I don’t often eat…
I really hate…
I can’t stand…
… make me gain/lose weight
Step V Discussion
Think of a way to put an end to the competition .
To remember the useful words and expressions
The fourth period Grammar
Step I Lead in
What should/shouldn’t we do to keep healthy?
What kind of food must we eat to be strong?
What ought we to do to stay slim?
Step II Modal verbs
What modal verbs have you learned?
can/could may/ might
will/ would had better
shall/ should must
have to need
ought to dare
step III Explanation
Try to explain the meanings of the modal verbs in the following sentences.
1.He can speak English well.
2.You can go home now.
3.That can’t be true.
4.Could you please show me the way to Beihai Park?
5.They hunters are lost. They could starve.
6. May I come in?
7. He may give you some help?
8.Don’t worry. I will help you.
9.Often he would dress up like a rich man.
10.Would you like to join us for dinner?
You shall have the ticket as soon as I get it.
You should arrive at the airport two hours before he goes.
It is five o’clock. He should turn up soon.
Wang Feng wins an award every year. He must be strong.
Step IV Choose the correct answer
1. By lunchtime they would all be sold.
2. His restaurant ought to be full of people.
3. What could have happened?
4. Nothing could have been better?
5. Something terrible must have happened.
6. I will take all that fat off you in two weeks.
7. He could not believe his eyes.
8. He wondered if he should go to the library to find out.
9. He couldn’t have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies.
10. He had better do some research.
11. After eating in the restaurant people would become fired very quickly.
Step V Explanation
The students will learn the usage of modal verbs and try to make the students clear the functions of modal verbs. Then give them some examples.
Step VI Exercises
Choose suitable modal verbs from below to complete the following dialogues. There may be more than one possibility.
1. SAM: How can I grow thinner, Mum?
MUM: Well, you _______ eat food with plenty of fiber that helps you digest better. And you ______ stop drinking cola or eating sweet food.
SAM: Does it mean I _______ eat my favourite fried chicken any more?
MUM: Not exactly, if you love fried chicken, you _______ give it up. Just eat it less often. You __________________________ worry too much: a little fried chicken ________ do you good!
2. Doctor: You are sick because you’ve eaten poisonous mushrooms. Where did you get them?
Lucy: I picked then in the forest. I know we _______ eat fresh vegetables.
Doctor: Oh, but you ________ eat them until you’re sure they are not poisonous.
Lucy: Thank you, doctor. I’ll be more careful next time.
3. CHARLES: I wish I could see things clearly in the dark.
TOM: Eating carrots ________ help you see better. You ________ eat some every day.
Step VII Choose the correct answer
1.You to the meeting this afternoon if
you have something important to do.
A. needn‘t to come B. don’t need come
C. don't need coming D. needn't come
2.- I help you with some shoes, madam?
-Yes, I would like to try on those brown ones.
A. Will B. Should C. May D. Must
3.The only thing that really matters to the children is how soon they ___return to their school.
A. can B must C. have to D. ought to
4.What we ___ get seems better than what we have.
A.can B.could C.can't D.couldn't
5.Look! What you've done! You ___ more careful.
A.may be B. had to
C. should have been D. would be
The fifth period Using language
Step I Fast reading
Read the text fast, then answer the following questions:
1. Why did Yong Hui come to Wang’s restaurant a week later?
2. How did Yong Hui feel when she had the meal in Wang’s restaurant?
3. What did they find after their chat?
4. How did they combine their menus and provide a balanced menu?
Step II Careful reading
Read the passage carefully and try to answer the question in groups.
What can we learn from the passage?
Step III Learn some language points.
1.earn one’s living
1)earn means to get (money) by working 赚，挣（钱）；to get sth because of one’s qualities or actions 博得，赢得
eg: I earn 2000 yuan a month by selling newspapers.
She earned her place in the team by training hard.
2) earn one’s living 谋生
earn one’s / a living = make one’s/a living
eg: A teacher earns his living by teaching.
2.be in debt
the state of owing 欠债，负债
I’m heavily in debt at the moment, but hope to be out of debt when I get paid.
get/run into debt 负债
in debt to sb = in one’s debt
out of debt
to look in an angry way; to shine with a strong light.
Step IV Group work
The way to express “say”
How did they speak Why did they speak
shouted, thought, called explained, added, admitted
whispered, smiled, laughed, cried agreed, wondered, advised, replied
Step V Fill in the blanks
Step VI Listening
Listen to the tape and pay attention to your pronunciation and intonation.
Step Ⅳ Homework
1. Review the rules of word formation and the meanings of modal verbs.
2. Prepare the Using Structure on page 50 by making a dialogue in pairs.
The sixth period Listening and speaking
Step Ⅰ Listening
The students will hear what Wang Pengwei did after leaving Yong Hui’s restaurant. Listen to the whole dialogue between Wang Peng and an expert. Write down the main idea of the dialogue.
Wang Peng is doing research to find out how an_unbalanced___diet affects your _health___,so you need to eat a _balanced___diet if you are to stay__healthy___.
Step II Listen again
Do you know the following three illnesses?
• rickets legs that do not grow straight
• scurvy teeth fall out, problems with skin and sores that will not heal
• obesity much too fat
listen to the tape again and join the names of the illnesses to their causes.
Step III Pair work
Work in pairs and discuss what problems Wang Peng and Yong Hui have and what suggestions you would give them.
Owner of the restaurant Problems with food offered Food to be needed
Step IV Speaking and writing
Discuss in groups what food you must eat to have a balanced diet. How much should you eat each day?
Step V Group work
Imagine you are planning to open a restaurant which will provide the best local dishes in your area and a balanced diet. In groups discuss how to run the business. Give each other suggestions and advice. The following expressions may help you.
What should we do?
You must / mustn’t…
You’d better …
I would strongly advise you to …
My advice is / would be …
I think you ought to …
You need /needn’t…
It might be a good idea to …
How about …?
Perhaps you should…
You have to / don’t have to…
I suggest that you…
Step VI Writing
Write a short passage to advertise your restaurant and its service. Your writing should:
explain what kind of food will be offered in your restaurant
describe their ingredients, flavour, smell and appearance
explain how they will provide a balanced diet
explain why your restaurant will provide the best food in the area
explain how customers will be served
step VII Homework
1. Review the words and expressions of this unit.
2. Make sure you know what are balanced diets.